02 October 2013

United State Of America is Shutting Down...

Poor management of budget and eager to go to war maybe is some of the cause... We may become like them if the goverment fail to manage the upcoming budget properly...

The US Congress has failed to agree a budget by 1 October and a federal government shutdown has begun, sending more than 700,000 federal workers home and closing down national parks, museums, federal buildings and services.
Which key departments and agencies are affected?
Graphic showing the impact of the shutdown
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Department of Defense
US military Military personnel on duty will not be affected
The nation's 1.4 million active-duty uniformed military personnel will stay on duty.
About half of the defence department's 800,000 civilian employees will have to stop work, but there is a blanket exception for activities that "provide for the national security".
But where employees are needed to work, they may have to do so without pay:
"Military and other civilians directed to work would be paid retroactively once the lapse of appropriation ends," according to Defence Department Comptroller Robert Hale.
President Barack Obama later told civilian employees that they deserved "better than the dysfunction we're seeing in Congress".
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Department of Energy
  • Employees: 13,814 Due to work: 1,113 Staying at home: 12,701
Hydroelectric dam Hydroelectric dams will be maintained
Most Department of Energy facilities will close, with only 1,113 out of 13,814 staff required to work.
Exemptions include staff overseeing the safety of the nation's nuclear arsenal and operating dams and power lines across the country.
The National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the nation's nuclear weapons and naval reactor programmes, will have 343 employees on duty to "perform functions related to the safety of human life and the protection of property".
More than 400 employees will stay on to work at the Southwestern Power Administration and the Western Area Power Administration, which are in charge of overseeing hydroelectric power and power lines in the south and western US.
Some staff in other areas will remain at work to oversee "the protection of human life and property."
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Department of Commerce
  • Employees: 46,420 Due to work: 6,186 Staying at home: 40,234
Ocean and the San Diego skyline Weather and shipping reports will still be provided
Most of the department's staff will remain at home. However, staff at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will continue to report for duty to ensure weather, shipping and other reports are still provided for public safety.
Some of the workers at the Bureau of Industry and Security, which reviews exports, will also remain on duty.
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Department of Transportation
  • Employees: 55,468 Due to work: 36,987 Staying at home: 18,481
Airport Most air traffic control roles will not shut down
Transport roles run by the department, ranging from air traffic control to airport and hazardous materials inspections, will continue and 36,987 out of 55,468 personnel will remain at work.
Staff involved in overseeing commercial space launches will also continue operations - as at least one of a succession of launches will occur between the end of September and the first week in October in support of the International Space Station, according to the department.
Suspended activities will include facility security inspections, routine personnel security background investigations and the employee drug testing program.
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Smithsonian Institution
  • Employees: 4,202 Due to work: 688 Staying at home: 3,514
Tian Tian Animals at the National Zoo will still be fed
The National Zoo and 19 museums and galleries, including the Natural History Museum, the Portrait Gallery and the Air and Space Museum, would close.
Of the 4,202 employees, 688 will be retained to "protect life and property" - security guards, maintenance staff and people to care for and feed the animals at the National Zoo.
The Smithsonian Institution says: "During a shutdown, the Institution cannot legally accept voluntary services from federal employees to continue their regular duties."
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National Parks
  • Employees: 24,645 Due to work: 3,266 Staying at home: 21,379
National Park National Parks will be closed
National parks - from Yosemite to Alcatraz and the Statue of Liberty - will be shut down with 3,266 essential staff out of 24,645 remaining on duty. These will include some fire management, law enforcement and emergency responders.
Day-use visitors will be instructed to leave the park immediately and visitors using overnight facilities will be asked to make alternative arrangements and leave.
Where possible, park roads will be closed and access denied.
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Department of Homeland Security
  • Employees: 231,117 Due to work: 199,822 Staying at home: 31,295
Coast Guard Coast Guard operations will continue
About 86% of the Department of Homeland Security's 240,000 employees are expected to be exempt from the shutdown, including uniformed agents and officers at the country's borders and ports of entry.
Most members of the Coast Guard, Transportation Security Administration, Secret Service and other law enforcement agencies are exempt.
US Citizenship and Immigration Services employees will continue to process green card applications.
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Department of Justice
  • Employees: 114,486 Due to work: 96,744 Staying at home: 17,742
DEA badge DEA agents will be exempt
Of 114,486 Department of Justice employees, an estimated 96,744 will be exempt from the shutdown.
All Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agents and support personnel in the field will be exempt as their operations are focused on national security and investigations involving protection of life and property.
Drug Enforcement Administration agents working on active counternarcotics investigations, agents in the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, and US attorneys will be exempt.
Staff at federal prisons will also be expected to work.
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Department of Health and Human Services
  • Employees: 78,198 Due to work: 37,686 Staying at home: 40,512
Flu jab being administered The annual flu programme will not be supported
The department will be sending home more than half its workers.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention will continue "minimal support to protect the health and well-being of US citizens". However, fewer staff will mean reduced capacity to respond to outbreaks and the agency will be unable to support its annual flu program.
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Department of Education
  • Employees: 4,225 Due to work: 212 Staying at home: 4,013
Students eating breakfast Funding for schools, due this month, will be paid
About 212 of the department's 4,225 employees - both full and part-time - will be expected to work for the first week. An additional 30 staff may be called in if the shutdown lasts more than seven days.
Some $22bn of funding to schools, due on the 1 October, will still be distributed. Among other things, this pays to help educate poor and disabled children.
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Environmental Protection Agency
  • Employees: 16,205 Due to work: 1,069 Staying at home: 15,136
Administrator Gina McCarthy said her department would effectively shut down with only a core group of individuals available in case of a "significant emergency".
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US Postal Service The self-funded US Postal Service will remain open and deliver as usual. The agency receives no tax dollars for day-to-day operations and relies on income from stamps and other postal fees to keep running.

Source >> http://www.bbc.co.uk/